Populonia on The Tuscan Coast

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IPopulonia was one of the largest and most important cities of the Italian peninsula, a city of excesses and richness. It was called Fufluna, name derived from the Etruscan god of wine Fufluns. Today Populonia is a small fraction of the town of Piombino near Livorno, located on the Tuscan coast and inhabited by only thirty people during the winter.
The town is perched on one of the promontories of the Gulf of Baratti and was once a massive stronghold. In ancient times it had all the characteristics of a metropolis, with the residential area on the side of the mountain, and the commercial part by the peer along the shore. The economy was primarily based on mining and metallurgy that made the city wealthy.
The historical record that meets the eye is not Etruscan, but a Middle Ages fortification erected in the Fifteenth century by the Appiani, Lords of Piombino. The walls were necessary to defend Populonia against pirates, and the same goes for the Rocca characterized by cobbled lanes, small specialty shops and a private archaeological museum. What attracts many tourists in town is the Etruscan archaeological park, which occupies about 80 hectares and is entirely open to visitors through an extensive network of trails.
The park is part of the Val di Cornia Parks system. Inaugurated in 1998, the park includes various sectors of the ancient Etruscan Populonia, such as limestone quarries and necropolis, such as the San Cerbone, the only one built near the sea. Here you can admire the remains of buildings that were used for metalworking and a small laboratory for experimental archeology, allowing the curious to learn more of this discipline.
The city of Populonia did not die with the Etruscans, and tourism has grown successfully over the years thanks to the historical remains and the inviting beaches.
For more than 30 kilometers alternating large sandy beaches and impressive rocky inlets are accompanied by a fragrant vegetation on one side and splendid sea bottoms on the other. Sailing, diving and surfing schools offer the chance to appreciate the clear and unpolluted Tyrrhenian sea.
All these wonderful places would not be the same without the pleasant Mediterranean climate that dominates in the area. Mild temperatures ensure pleasant summers and winters with temperatures ranging from a minimum of 2 Celsius to a max of 11 Celsius. July and August, the hottest months, go from 17 to 29 degrees Celsius. Rainfalls are almost absent in summer and focus particularly in the period from October to December, when it rains an average of 11 days per month.

Getting to Populonia on the Tuscan coast:

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